J Pattinson, chemist of King Street, Aspatria, photographed daily life both above and below ground at the Brayton Domain Colliery. Some of these images were produced as a series of postcards.

I’d be delighted if anyone could provide me with any pictures or postcards which are missing from here. Pictures of Harriston village and No. 3 Pit are especially welcome. I’m willing to buy the original, or would accept a good quality scan. Contact me if you can help

No. 4*
‘Coal Hewers at Work’
Two typical Hewers holing and drilling 350 yards below ground.
No. 5 Pit

No. 5*
‘A Good Shot’
Coal blasted down and ready for filling 350 yards below ground. Note the Shot Firer with battery and cable.
No. 5 Pit

No. 6
‘A Contented Lot’
Typical Cumberland Putters with their ponies after the day’s work
No. 4 Pit

No. 7
‘A Territorial Coal Hewer’
For Home and Family
For King and Country
No. 5 Pit

No. 8*
‘Back to the Land’
Up to the surface after the day’s work from 200 yards down.
No. 4 Pit

No. 9
‘Deep Pumping’
An electrically driven 3-throw pump delivering water to the surface from 1100 feet down in direct lift.
No. 5 Pit

No. 10*
‘Endless Rope Haulage’
Coal coming to the shaft from two miles in-bye by “endless haulage.” This rope, operated from the surface, is 6000 yards long and weighs 14 tons.
No. 4 Pit

  • Images courtesy of the Peter Marr collection.

No. 11
‘Timbering’
Official and Timberman making roof safe.
No. 5 Pit

No. 12*
‘Picking Bands’
Pit-brow lasses picking inferior coal and dirt from the coal as it travels into wagons ready for the market.
No. 4 Pit

No. 13
‘General view of Colliery’
Showing Shafts, Screens, etc., with the Coke Ovens to the right of the picture.
No. 4 Pit

No. 14*
‘Home Sweet Home’
Ponies feeding after the day’s work. Note the cats.
No. 4 Pit

No. 15
‘A “Clean” Start’
Commencing to undercut the coal 350 yards down. The first part of the day’s work.
No. 5 Pit

No. 16*
‘Ventilating the Mines’
Building a brick stopping across a roadway to force the air to the innermost parts of the pit.
No. 5 Pit

No. 17*
‘Mechanical Coal Hewing’
A “SISKOL” Coal Cutter driven by compressed air, undercutting the coal 200 yards below ground.
No. 4 Pit

No. 18*
‘Electric Haulage’
An Electrically driven Haulage Engine situated 2000 yards from the shaft and 200 yards below the surface.
No. 4 Pit

No. 19
‘Endless Rope Haulage’
Set of Tubs containing 10 tons of coal nearing shaft, 200 yards below ground.
No. 4 Pit
The ‘clutcher’ operating the engine was Billy Brough of Aspatria


Clipping on a set nearly 2 miles from shaft.
No. 4 Pit

No. 21*
‘Pony Haulage’
Pony Driver with full tubs.
No. 4 Pit

No. 22
‘What Every Pony Likes’
Pony having his wash after the day’s work
No. 4 Pit

No. 23
‘Off Up’
Colliers being wound to daylight from 350 yards below ground after the day’s work.
No. 5 Pit

No. 24
‘Lying In’
Coal Hewers undercutting the Coal 200 yards below ground preparatory to blasting it down with explosives.
No. 4 Pit

No. 25*
‘A “Non-com” Territorial Coal Hewer’
No. 4 Pit

No 1 – General View of the Colliery. Showing the two shafts, Screens building on extreme left and Coal Washery to deal with 70 tons an hour in the foreground. No. 5 Pit
No. 2 – Main Arching. Main Winding Shaft Bottom. 350 yards deep. Sinkers completing Sump. No. 5 Pit The miners whose names are known are, from second left: ‘Bonny Dick’, Bill Blaylock, Jack Wilson and Tom Davidson
No. 3 – “Lying In” – Coal Hewers undercutting the Coal 300 yards below ground, preparatory to blasting it down with explosives. No. 4 Pit
No. 5 – A Good “Shot” – Coal blasted down and ready for filling 350 yards below ground. Note the Shot Firer with battery and cable. No. 5 Pit
No. 7 – A Territorial Coal Hewer – For Home and Family For King and Country No. 5 Pit
No. 8 – Back to the Land – Up to the surface after the day’s work from 200 yards down. No. 4 Pit
No. 20 – ‘Endless Haulage’ Clipping on a set nearly 2 miles from shaft. No. 4 Pit
An Electrically driven Haulage Engine situated 2000 yards from the shaft and 200 yards below the surface. No. 4 Pit
A “SISKOL” Coal Cutter driven by compressed air, undercutting the coal 200 yards below ground. No. 4 Pit
Two typical Hewers holing and drilling 350 yards below ground. No. 5 Pit
Pit-brow lasses picking inferior coal and dirt from the coal as it travels into wagons ready for the market. No. 4 Pit
Building a brick stopping across a roadway to force the air to the innermost parts of the pit. No. 5 Pit
Ponies feeding after the day’s work. Note the cats. No. 4 Pit
Coal coming to the shaft from two miles in-bye by “endless haulage.” This rope, operated from the surface, is 6000 yards long and weighs 14 tons. No. 4 Pit
Set of Tubs containing 10 tons of coal nearing shaft, 200 yards below ground. No. 4 Pit The ‘clutcher’ operating the engine was Billy Brough of Aspatria
Pony Driver with full tubs. No. 4 Pit
Pony having his wash after the day’s work No. 4 Pit
Colliers being wound to daylight from 350 yards below ground after the day’s work. No. 5 Pit
Coal Hewers undercutting the Coal 200 yards below ground preparatory to blasting it down with explosives. No. 4 Pit
Showing Shafts, Screens, etc., with the Coke Ovens to the right of the picture. No. 4 Pit
Typical Cumberland Putters with their ponies after the day’s work No. 4 Pit
Commencing to undercut the coal 350 yards down. The first part of the day’s work. No. 5 Pit
An electrically driven 3-throw pump delivering water to the surface from 1100 feet down in direct lift. No. 5 Pit
No. 25 – ‘A “Non-com” Territorial Coal Hewer’ No. 4 Pit